Heart Diseases 2018-02-01T20:56:16+03:00

Heart Diseases

Heart Disease Overview

Heart disease, such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, congestive heart failure, and congenital heart disease, is the leading cause of death for men and women in the West.

Cardiovascular disease includes conditions that affect the structures or function of your heart, such as:

  • Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries);
  • Heart attack;
  • Abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias;
  • Heart failure;
  • Heart valve disease;
  • Congenital heart disease;
  • Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy);
  • Pericardial disease;
  • Aorta disease and Marfan syndrome;
  • Vascular disease (blood vessel disease).

It’s the leading cause of death in the U.S. It’s important to learn about your heart to help prevent it. If you have it, you can live a healthier, more active life by learning about your heart disease and taking care of yourself.

Abnormal Heart Rhythms

The heart is an amazing organ. It beats in a steady, even rhythm, about 60 to 100 times each minute. That’s about 100,000 times each day. Sometimes, your heart gets out of rhythm. An irregular or abnormal heartbeat is called an arrhythmia. An arrhythmia (also called a dysrhythmia) can produce an uneven heartbeat, or a very slow or very fast beat.

Coronary Artery Disease

You may hear this called CAD. It’s hardening of the arteries that give the heart vital oxygen and nutrients. That hardening can also be referred to as atherosclerosis.

Heart Failure

The term can be frightening. It doesn’t mean the heart has “failed,” or stopped working. It means the heart doesn’t pump as well as it should. This will cause you to retain salt and water, which will give you swelling and shortness of breath.

Heart failure is a major health problem in the U.S., affecting more than 6.5 million Americans. It is the leading cause of hospitalization in people older than age 65. The number of people diagnosed with heart failure is projected to rise by 46 percent by 2030, according to the American Heart Association.

Heart Valve Disease

Your valves sit at the exit of each of your four heart chambers. They maintain one-way blood flow through your heart.

Examples of heart valve problems include:

  • Mitral valve prolapse: The valve between your left upper and left lower chambers doesn’t close right;
  • Aortic stenosis: Your aortic valve narrows. It affects blood flow from your heart to the rest of your body;
  • Mitral valve insufficiency: Your mitral valve doesn’t close tightly enough. This causes blood to leak backwards, leading to fluid backup in the lungs.

Congenital Heart Disease

This is a defect in one or more structures of the heart or blood vessels. It happens before birth.

About eight out of every 1,000 children get it. They may have symptoms at birth, during childhood, and sometimes not until adulthood. In most cases, scientists don’t know why it happens. Heredity may play a role. Exposure of the fetus during pregnancy to viral infections, alcohol, or drugs may, as well.

Cardiomyopathies

This covers diseases of the heart muscle. People with these — sometimes called an enlarged heart — have hearts that are abnormally big, thickened, or stiffened. As a result, the heart can’t pump blood as well. Without treatment, these get worse over time. Often, they lead to heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms. Cardiomyopathy may be genetic, or is caused by high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, metabolic diseases, or infections.

Pericarditis

A rare condition where the lining surrounding your heart gets inflamed. An infection often causes this.

Aorta Disease and Marfan Syndrome

The aorta is the large artery that leaves the heart and provides oxygen-rich blood to the rest of your body. These two things can cause the aorta to widen or tear. This raises the chance of things like:

Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)

High blood pressure

Genetic conditions such as Marfan syndrome and Turner syndrome

Connective tissue disorders that affect the strength of the blood vessel walls, such as scleroderma, osteogenesis imperfecta, and polycystic kidney disease

Injury

People with aorta disease should be treated by an experienced team of cardiovascular specialists and surgeons.

Other Vascular Diseases

Tour circulatory system is made up of the vessels that carry blood to every part of your body.

Vascular disease includes any condition that affects your circulatory system.

This affection but not only them, are successfully treated in Vienna.

Hearth interventions and surgery

  • CPR;
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation — CPR — is one link in what the American Heart Association calls the chain of survival. Learn CPR for a loved one. You can use the Internet to find classes near you;
  • Stents: get information about why they’re used and what types are available;
  • Angioplasty and Stents: angioplasty is a procedure that uses very little cutting to open blocked heart arteries. Stents can be put in during angioplasty;
  • Heart Bypass Surgery: this can treat heart disease when your coronary arteries are blocked. Your doctor may treat the problem by giving the blood a new pathway to the heart;
  • Valve Disease Treatment;
  • When your heart valve disease needs attention, it can be treated by traditional surgery or by balloon valvuloplasty, which doesn’t require as much cutting;
  • Cardioversion: for many people with heart disease, drugs alone won’t turn an arrhythmia into a normal heart rhythm. These people may need a procedure called cardioversion or electrical cardioversion;
  • EECP: this can help stimulate blood vessels to develop small branches, creating a natural bypass around narrowed or blocked arteries that cause chest pain;
  • Pacemakers: it’s a small device that sends electrical impulses to the heart muscle to keep up a suitable heart rate and rhythm. A pacemaker may also treat fainting spells (syncope), congestive heart failure, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy;
  • Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICD): an ICD, or implantable cardioverter defibrillator, can treat abnormal heart rhythms;
  • Lead Extraction: that’s removal of one or more leads from inside the heart. Leads that are placed outside the heart during open heart surgery cannot be removed by this procedure;
  • Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD): it’s a kind of mechanical heart. A surgeon would place it inside your chest. It would help the heart pump oxygen-rich blood throughout the body;
  • Heart Transplant: a person’s diseased heart is replaced with a healthy donor’s heart. The donor is a person who has died and whose family has agreed to donate their loved one’s organs.

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